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Facts & Figures of Turkey

Political leadership

Turkey Erdogan

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (since 10 August 2014)


Total 783,562 sq km; Land 769,632 sq km; Water 13,930 sq Km; (country comparison to the world: 38)


total: 2,816 km

Border countries

Armenia 311 km Azerbaijan 17 km Bulgaria 223 km
Georgia 273 km Greece 192 km Iran 534 km
Iraq 367 km Syria 899 km


7,200 km


80.81 million (2017 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 23.6% 15-64 years: 67.9% 65+ 8.5 % (2017 est.)

Population growth rate

1.24% (2017 est.)


92.5% of total population (2017)

Major cities

Istanbul 18.6% of total population, ANKARA (capital) 6.7%, Izmir 5.3%, Izmir 3,6%, Antalya 2.9% (2017 est.)

Ethnic groups

Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 19%, other minorities 7-12% (2016 est.)


Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)


Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages


(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 95.6% male: 98.6% female: 92.6% (2015)

Real GDP

$1.206 Trillion (2017); $1.123 Trillion (2016)

GDP growth

7.4% (2017); 3.2% (2016)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$14,933.3 (2017 est.); $14,117.4 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate

11.26% (2017 est.); 10.84% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line

0.2% (2016 est.)

Public debt

28.3% of GDP (2017 est.); 28.3% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

11.1% (2017 est.)

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