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Facts and Figures of Iraq

Political leadership


President Barham Saleh (since 2 October 2018)

Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi (since 25 October 2018)


Total 438,317 sq km; Land 437,367 sq km; Water 950 sq Km; (country comparison to the world: 60)


Total 3,809 km

Border countries

Iran 1,599 km Jordan 179 km Kuwait 254 km
Saudi Arabia 811 km Syria 599 km Turkey 367 km


58 km


37,056,169 million (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 37)

Age structure

0-14 years: 40.3% 15-64 years: 56.4% 65+ 3.3% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

2.93% (2015 est.)


Urban population: 69.5% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 3% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Baghdad (capital) 6.64 million; Mosul 1.7 million; Erbil 1.17 million; Basra 1.02 million; Sulaymaniya 1 million; Najaf 889,000 (2015)

Ethnic groups

Arab 75-80%, Kurdish 15-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%


Muslim (official) 99 % (Shia 60-65%, Sunni 32-37 %), Christian or other 1%


Arabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkmen (Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian


(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 79.7% male 85.7% female: 73.7% (2015 est.)

Real GDP

$212.27 billion (2017); $213.94 billion (2016)

GDP growth

-0.78% (2017); 11% (2016)

GDP per capita

$5,545.9 (2017 est.); $5,750.6 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate (of labour force)

16.1% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line

2.5% (2012 est.)

Public debt

57.8% of GDP (2017 est.); 64.3% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

0.1% (2017)

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