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Facts and Figures of Egypt

Political leadership

Egypt President Abdul Fatah al-Sisi President Abd al-Fattah al-Sisi (since 8 June 2014)

Prime Minister Mustapha Medbouli (since 7 June 2018)


total: 1,001,450 sq km land: 995,450 sq km water: 6,000 sq km; (country comparison to the world: 31)


total: 2,612 km

Border countries

Gaza Strip 13 km Israel 208 km
Libya 1,115 km Sudan 1,276 km


2,450 km


94.8 million (April 2017)

Age structure

0-14 years: 34.2% 15-64 years: 61.9% 65+: 3.9% (2017 April)

Population growth rate

2.56% (2017 est.)


42.4% of the total population (2017)

Major cities

Cairo (capital) 10.1% (of the total population), Alexandria 5.5%(2017), Giza 9.1%

Ethnic groups

Egyptian 99.5%, other 0.5% (2017 est.)


Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%; Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox, other christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2015 est.)


Arabic (official), English and French widely understood


(Age 15+ can read and write) total population: 95.7%, male: 78.9%, female: 69.2% (2017 est.)

Real GDP

$286.12 billion (Jully 2017 - June 2018); $271.72 billion (Jully 2016 - June 2017)

GDP growth

5.3% (July 2017 - June 2018); 4.2% (July 2016 - June 2017)

GDP per capita

$2,785.4 (2017 est.); $2,725.7 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate

9.9% (2018 July); 11.8% (2017)

Population below poverty line

27.8% (2015 est.)

Public debt

103.3% of GDP (2017 est.); 96.8% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

29.5% (2017)

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