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Facts & Figures of Algeria

Political leadership

Algeria President Abdelaziz Bouteflika

President Abdelaziz Bouteflika (since 27 april 1999)

Prime Minister Noureddine Bedoui (Since 11 March 2019)


total: 2,381,741 sq km Land 2,381,741 km²; Water (0) km2; (country comparison to the world: 11)


total: 6,734 km

Border countries

Libya 989 km Mali 1,359 km Mauritania 460 km
Morocco 1,900 km Niger 951 km Tunisia 1,034 km
Western Sahara 41 km


998 km


42.2 million (January 2018 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 29.3% 15-64 years: 65% 65+: 5.7% (2017 est.)

Population growth rate

2.18% (2017 est.)


72.6% of total population (2018)

Major cities

ALGIERS (capital) 2.7 million; Oran 881,000 (2018 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%


Muslim (official; predominantly Sunni) 99%, other (includes Christian and Jewish) <1% (2012 est.)


Arabic (official), Berber or Tamazight (official), French (lingua franca)


(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 80.2% male 87.2% female 73.1% (2015 est.)

Real GDP

$199.37 billion (2017 est.); $196.03 billion (2016 est.);

GDP growth

1.7% (2017 est.); 3.3% (2016 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$4,825.18 (2017 est.); $4,827.72 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate (of labour force)

11.7% (2017 est.); 10.5% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line

12% (2017 est.)

Public debt

25.8% of GDP (2017 est.); 20.6% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

5.6% (2017 est.); 6.4% (2016 est.)

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